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History Ph.D. Student @ Cornell University


am a Colombian researcher of Andean Latin America and the Caribbean Sea. I participated as a research assistant in projects related to manumission in Great Colombia (XIX century), maritime history in the eighteenth century, and studies of medicine and women during the same period. I am broadly interested in seascapes, maritime heritage, and global history. I am working as an academic assistant and archivist for the Laboratory of Historical Research in Colonial Studies, Cartagena University. The first article I published was about communication in the Spanish Empire in the sixteenth century and I am about to publish a second one on seascapes in Revista Memorias: ‘Lights and navigation: the transformation of the Colombian maritime cultural landscape (1870-1930).

Geographical location : Colombia

Research Area and Interest : Maritime history, historical geography, landscapes

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Into the ‘Early’ Caribbean


Transimperial biscuits: the geography of the sailor's bread in Cartagena de Indias, 1770-1790
Summary: The word biscuit simply means twice-baked bread. Biscuits were crucial to the maintenance of the crew during long voyages through the Atlantic in the 18th century. The Spanish production of this bread in America ensured the continuity of imperial presence in the sea, pulling the local productions of inland and outland regions of the empire to supply the increasing demand for this kind of food through the Caribbean settlements. Cartagena de Indias, one of the major ports in the Caribbean Sea, produced big quantities of biscuits during the 18th century. The production of bread was spatially related to the city but also to the Great Caribbean. Biscuits connected flour production from the inner part of New Granada and the Great Caribbean to the local bakeries. Also, the massive production of this staple sailor food was related to the spatial configuration of labor in Cartagena and the cultural appropriation of bread in New Granada. Thus, this article aims to analyze the production and circulation of biscuits in Cartagena de Indias during the last decades of the 18th century.

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